NAFTA has not eliminated regulatory requirements for businesses that wish to trade internationally, such as rules of origin. B and documentation requirements that determine whether certain goods may be traded under NAFTA. The free trade agreement also includes administrative, civil and criminal penalties for companies that violate the laws or customs procedures of the three countries. Post-NAFTA economic growth has not been impressive in any of the participating countries. The United States and Canada have suffered greatly from several economic recessions, including the Great Recession of 2007-2009, which exaggerated all the positive effects that NAFTA could have deplored. Mexico`s gross domestic product (GDP) grew at a slower pace than other Latin American countries such as Brazil and Chile, and per capita income growth was also not significant, although there was a boom in the middle class in the post-NAFTA years. In addition to expanding consumer choice over the past 20 years, NAFTA has increased trade between the three countries by about 3.5 times compared to 1994, according to a 2013 Associated Press report. Maquiladoras (Mexican assembly plants that collect imported components and produce goods for export) have become the symbol of trade in Mexico. They moved from the United States to Mexico, hence the debate about losing American jobs. Revenues in the maquiladora sector had increased by 15.5% since the introduction of NAFTA in 1994.  Other sectors have also benefited from the free trade agreement, and the share of exports from non-border states to the United States has increased over the past five years, while the share of exports from border states has decreased. This allowed for rapid growth in borderless metropolitan areas such as Toluca, León and Puebla, all of which were sparsely populated as Tijuana, Ciudad Juárez and Reynosa.
During the 2016 presidential campaign, Trump and Senator Bernie Sanders, an independent, criticized NAFTA for the loss of jobs in the United States. After taking office, Trump opened renegotiations to reach a “better deal” for the United States. Trade remains a hot topic as candidates for the 2020 race are divided over whether to support the USMCA. Trump, however, is not alone in criticizing the deal. Shortly after his election, U.S. President Donald Trump said he would begin renegotiating nafta terms to resolve trade issues on the leasing out of others. The leaders of Canada and Mexico have signaled their willingness to cooperate with the Trump administration.  Although he is vague about the exact terms he seeks in a renegotiated NAFTA, Trump has threatened to withdraw from it if negotiations fail.  According to Chad Bown of the Peterson Institute for International Economics, the Trump administration`s list “is entirely consistent with the president`s position of liking trade barriers and having protectionism.