These agreements cover a wide range of issues, including when an international agreement must be concluded in another language, the competent agency or presents, before concluding, a signed memorandum from the Office of Language Services of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs certifying that the texts in English and foreign languages are coherent and have the same meaning in all substantive areas. The General Court found that treaties are subject to constitutional review and occupy the same hierarchical position as ordinary legislation (leis ordinárias or “ordinary laws” in Portuguese). A recent 2008 Brazilian Supreme Court ruling changed this situation somewhat by finding that treaties that contain human rights provisions have a higher status than ordinary legislation and are subject only to the Constitution itself. . . .